History of Bingöl

History of Bingöl
located in the Upper Euphrates region of Eastern Anatolia, it is possible to find traces of many civilizations in the lands of the Bingöl province, which enjoys a rich cultural background. Bingöl and its surroundings, with a rich history stretching as far back as 4000-5000 BC that saw many civilizations, such as the Urartians, Assyrians, Hittites, Persians, Romans, Seljuks and the Ottomans, is characterized by a geography that smells of history.
Unlike the provincial center, the towns of Genç and Kiğı are the oldest districts in the province, and embody much of its history. The fact that there are no city ruins or other historic remains in the town center is proof of this. A large part of the historical remnants within the province’s boundaries are found in the southern parts of Genç, Kiğı, Adaklı and Solhan districts, and around Yenibaşak. There are historical remains from both pre-Islamic civilizations and Islamic civilizations in the area.
The most important artifacts from the pre-Islamic period include the castles, tombs, caves and churches, among which the Kuba remains, Kralkizi Castle, Sebiterias Castle and Kiğı Castle (all located of them in Genç) are the best preserved. There are also numerous gravestones and a few ancient churches around Kiğı. The pre-Islamic artifacts are mostly from the times of the Urartians, Medes, Persians and Romans.